Many of us are familiar with the haunting beauty of the Newfoundland Memorial Park at Beaumont Hamel in France, where the Newfoundland Regiment was almost annihilated on the opening day of the Battle of the Somme, 01 July 1916. But relatively few of us are familiar with the story of how this park came into being. This book, published in 2006 but, apparently, never widely circulated, goes far toward filling this gap in our historical record, recording the career of a remarkable man, Thomas Nangle.
Nangle was born in St. John's, Newfoundland, in 1889. He completed primary school there before going to Ireland to study for the priesthood. He was ordained in St. John's in 1913. He later became a chaplain with the Newfoundland Regiment, and the tale of the regiment's ordeal on the Western Front is told in the tally of dead and wounded that Nangle had to confront after every engagement.
But Nangle is best known for his exploits after the war ended, when he was named Newfoundland's Director of Grave Registration and Enquiry, and also as Newfoundland's representative on the (then) Imperial War Graves Commission. In these capacities, Nangle was responsible for finding the remains of Newfoundland's casualties and moving them to final resting places in IWGC cemeteries, exhausting, dispiriting and dangerous work.
Nangle was also charged with responsibility for developing suitable memorials for Newfoundland's fallen. This resulted in the construction of five memorial sites in France and Belgium, with the largest and principal site at Beaumont Hamel. Nangle also chose the design and arranged for the production of the statue of the Woodland Caribou stag, "The Monarch of the Topsails", that graces each site, thereby creating the "Trail of the Caribou."
It is clear from this book that Nangle threw himself into this work with tremendous passion and dedication. But, having completed all of this work, in 1926 he threw it all up, resigned from the priesthood, and moved to Rhodesia. The authors were unable to find any relevant records, but the studied (and, with hindsight, appalling) refusal by both ecclesiastical and temporal authorities to grant him any significant official recognition for his accomplishments might well have been a factor. Nangle never returned to Newfoundland, and he virtually disappeared from public consciousness.
In Rhodesia, in 1929, Nangle married Thelma Watkinson. They had three sons, Timothy (1930), Hugh (1935), Rory (1940), and one daughter, Mavourneen (1942). In 1962, Hugh emigrated to Toronto, married and settled there. Mavourneen moved to Montreal and later Australia. In 1966, Nangle returned to Europe to attend ceremonies at Beaumont Hamel marking the 50th anniversary of the Battle of the Somme, and then went on to Canada to visit Hugh and Mavourneen. But while in Canada he refused an invitation from Joey Smallwood to also visit Newfoundland.
Thomas Nangle died in 1972 and is buried in Rhodesia.
This book was published in 2006 in time for the ninetieth anniversary of the Battle of Beaumont Hamel. On that occasion the Royal Newfoundland Regiment returned to Europe in strength to once again follow the "Trail of the Caribou". And three of Nangle's children, Hugh, Rory and Mavourneen, accompanied them.
This is a most remarkable book. It has only 165 pages and is thus quite intense, and the above is only the briefest summary of its contents. But much of the story is told at first-hand through excerpts from letters written to and by Nangle; these go far toward giving the book its sense of currency and urgency. To my mind, an invaluable addition to our historical record. Most highly recommended.
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|Last updated: 30 January 2017|